Data protection

This page contains introductory information concerning the key elements of the existing data protection framework in the UK, in so far as it applies to AI and machine learning.

Legal framework

An examination of Article 8 and the way in which the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) and the Data Protection Act 2018 (DPA 2018) applies to algorithms and machine learning including the prohibition on certain forms of processing and the right to object under Articles 21 and 22


An overview of the European Data Protection Board, the ICO and the Surveillance Camera Commissioner guidance

Proving discrimination

A discussion of the difficulties in identifying discrimination arising from machine learning and algorithms where there is a lack of transparency along with an examination of how the existing data protection legal framework might be used to remedy that problem